Global Public Health Conference - Colombo Sri Lanka 2018

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Why Sri Lanka is hosting Global Public Health 2018

Sri Lanka has a universal health care system that extends free healthcare to all citizens, which has been a national priority. Its health care system delivers what is widely recognised as some of the highest-quality care in South Asia, despite spending considerably less than most other countries. The state-run public health system provides efficient, comprehensive and free medical services of all kinds.

Despite low levels of health expenditures, Sri Lanka's health indicators are comparable to more developed countries in the region. Life expectancy for males and females standing at 72 years and 80 years respectively and Child mortality improved from 175 per 1000 births in 1930 to 13 per 1000 births in 2015.


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The Sinhalese medical tradition records back to pre historic era. Besides a number of medical discoveries that are only now being acknowledged by western medicine, the ancient Sinhalese are believed to be responsible for introducing the concept of hospitals to the world. According to the Mahawansa, the ancient chronicle of Sinhalese royalty. King Pandukabhaya had lying-in-homes and hospitals (Sivikasotthi-Sala) built in various parts of the country after having fortified his capital at Anuradhapura in the 4th century BCE. Ruins of a hospital in Mihintale which was built by King Sena II (851-885 A.C.) that dates back to the 9th century has been discovered and it is considered as one of the worlds oldest hospitals.

Furthermore, as per WHO data, in 2013 total health expenditure in Sri Lanka – including public and private spending – reached just 3.24% of the country’s GDP. Despite this low figure, many of the country’s health indicators are comparable to those found in Thailand, Malaysia and South Korea, according to the World Bank, which noted that these countries have income levels two to six times higher than Sri Lanka, adjusting for purchasing power parity, and spend 1.5-10 times more on health per capita.

Best Public Health Midwives (PHMs) system

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Public Health Midwives (PHMs) have been an important part of the primary healthcare system in Sri Lanka since early in the twentieth century. Traditionally these health workers focused only on midwifery, but now PHMs have evolved into a professional cadre, playing a role in preventive health covering many aspects other than midwifery. Their services are immensely valued in rural settings where health resources are scarce.

Healthy lifestyle centres

Sri Lanka has used its extensive network of clinics and hospitals to set up 700 healthy lifestyle centres. Primary care health workers have been retrained to give nutrition and lifestyle counselling, resulting in a more integrated, people-centred and economical approach to health care and promotion. Midwives, for example, use routine home visits as an opportunity to encourage family members to be screened.

For more details:

sri-lanka conferences - Health Informatics, reproductive health, Women's health, Climate Change Issues, health   systems, health Research Conferences 2018 in Colombo Sri Lanka





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Asian Studies 2018

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